This page is designed to help you understand and abide by the rules of
Copyright Law of
the United States - This is the law direct from the "horse's mouth" at
the U.S. Copyright Office. Educators may also want to pay particular
Section 107, Page 19.
Copyright in the Campus Community - The Copyright Clearance Center has
published a new edition of a popular copyright guidebook for colleges and
universities. The seventh edition of "Questions & Answers on
Copyright for the Campus Community" provides answers to 31 common
copyright questions, as well as other information, to help colleges understand
how copyright law applies to them. The latest edition provides updated
information on the use of electronic course materials and software. In recent
years, many faculty members have begun posting copyrighted content on web
sites and internal course management systems, where this content can be read,
downloaded, and printed by students. The guidebook makes clear that the use of
such content is governed by the same legal principles that apply to printed
materials. "With more content now available in digital form, it is
important to clarify copyright responsibilities in the digital age, and that's
what this guidebook is designed to do," said Tracey Armstrong, chief
operating officer of Copyright Clearance Center.
Basics and the Internet- The Copyright Basics page of the Lakeview High
School Library Web site offers students and teachers a succinct summary of
copyright history, fair use, public domain, and guidelines for utilizing
educational multimedia in a school project. The issue of Internet plagiarism
is addressed and additional links to online copyright resources are provided.
the Classroom - The Copyright Alliance Education Foundation has
developed a free online video, Copyright in the Classroom, to provide
a quick explanation of copyright, identify “teachable moments” in the
classroom, and review all the free teaching resources available at the
Alliance web site.
Law in the Electronic Environment
The Copyright Website
Simpson, Carol. "Copyright for Schools: A Practical Guide, 3rd
Edition." Linworth Publishing ISBN 1-58683-018-x.. 2001. 176 pages. www.linworth.com
The concept of fair use has existed since the founding of our
nation. The Copyright Act of 1976 was enacted to protect the rights of
individuals to comment, criticize, report, and teach on content that is
protected by copyright. The specific fair use text is as follows:
Notwithstanding the provisions of sections 17 U.S.C. § 106
and 17 U.S.C. § 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use
by reproduction in copies or phonorecords or by any other means specified by
that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting,
teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or
research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the
use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the factors to be
considered shall include:
- the purpose and character of the use, including
whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit
- the nature of the copyrighted work;
- the amount and substantiality of the portion used in
relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
- the effect of the use upon the potential market for
or value of the copyrighted work.
The fact that a work is unpublished shall not itself bar a
finding of fair use if such finding is made upon consideration of all the
These four factors make for an excellent framework for decision making with
regard to fair use. A useful tool for analyzing if use of copyrighted material
falls under the doctrine of "fair use" is the
Fair Use Checklist from
Indiana/Purdue University Copyright Management Center. Using these four
factors as headings, you can determine if you are within the bounds of fair use
when it comes to incorporating copyrighted materials in the classroom.
The Educational Exemption, also called the "face-to-face teaching exemption,"
is a precise activity which allows the legal use of movies in certain types of
teaching. In order for a movie to be considered an "Educational Exemption," all
criteria must be met:
- A teacher or instructor is present.
- The showing takes place in a classroom setting with only the enrolled
- The movie is used as an essential part of the core, required curriculum
being taught. (The instructor should be able to show how the use of the
motion picture contributes to the overall required course study and
- The movie being used is a legitimate copy, not taped from a legitimate
copy or taped from TV
For more information, read both
www.movlic.com/k12/faq.html#1. Another resource, specifically for filmmakers, can be found at the
for Social Media.
What is the "Face-To-Face Teaching Exemption"?
The copyright law contains an exception which allows the lawful use of "home
use only" video recordings for public performance or display without the
permission of the copyright owner. Section 110 (1) of the law appears to allow
the classroom use of video programs that have not been cleared for public
performance if, and only if, all of the conditions set forth by the law are met.
Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106, the following is not an
infringement of copyright: (1) performance or display of a work by instructors
or pupils in the course of face-to-face teaching activities of a nonprofit
educational institution, in a classroom or similar place devoted to instruction,
unless, in the case of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, the
performance, or the display of individual images, is given by means of a copy
that was not lawfully made under this title, and that the person responsible for
the performance knew or had reason to believe was not lawfully made;...
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